05 Jul Obesity risk factors Part 2
It is a rarity that a clear pattern of inherited obesity within a family is caused by a specific variant of a single gene (monogenic obesity). Most obesity, however, probably results from complex interactions among multiple genes and environmental factors that remain poorly understood (multifactorial obesity). Some of these factors are discussed in part 1 of this blog, below are some other factors causing obesity.
Health care practitioners routinely collect family health history to help identify people at high risk of obesity-related diseases. Some of these related diseases are diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and some forms of cancer. Family health history reflects the effects of shared genetics and environment among close relatives. Families can’t change their genes but they can change the family environment to encourage healthy eating habits and physical activity. Those changes can improve the health of family members and improve the family health history of the next generation.
Diseases and Drugs
Some illnesses may lead to obesity or weight gain. These may include Cushing’s disease and polycystic ovary syndrome. Drugs such as steroids and some antidepressants may also cause weight gain. The science continues to emerge on the role of other factors in energy balance and weight gains such as chemical exposures and the role of the microbiome.
Factors Causing Obesity – Health Consequences
People who have obesity, compared to those with a normal or healthy weight, are at increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions, including the following:
- All-causes of death (mortality)
- High blood pressure (Hypertension)
- High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidaemia)
- Type 2 diabetes
- Coronary heart disease
- Gallbladder disease
- Osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint)
- Sleep apnoea and breathing problems
- Some cancers (endometrial, breast, colon, kidney, gallbladder, and liver)
- Low quality of life
- Mental illness such as clinical depression, anxiety, and other mental disorders
- Body pain and difficulty with physical functioning
So how do we turn this around? Can you avoid somethings you regularly consume? Eating less processed foods, eliminating sodas, refined sugars and lowering our alcohol content is a great start. Moving our bodies according to our physical and fitness level at that time will help to create a domino effect towards health and wellbeing. Gravitating towards support groups and educating yourself and your family on the importance of health and that it’s a process, not a sprint. Small changes over time make for a lasting result.
We understand that this can be a hard thing to change that is why we are here for all your needs and have an understanding and supportive approach. Get in contact today to get your health back on track and a focal point for you. Click the Nutrition link below to have a look into what we have to offer 🙂