Obesity risk factors

Obesity risk factors Part 1

Obesity is a complex health issue to address. Obesity results from a combination of causes and contributing factors, including individual factors such as behaviour and genetics. Behaviours can include dietary patterns, physical activity, inactivity, medication use, and other exposures. Additional contributing factors in our society include the food and physical activity environment. Others are education and skills, food marketing and promotion.


Obesity is a serious concern because it is associated with poorer mental health outcomes and reduced quality of life. Also, it is the leading causes of death in the U.S. and worldwide. Others include diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer.


Obesity risk factors – Behaviour

Healthy behaviours include a healthy diet pattern and regular physical activity. Energy balance of the number of calories consumed from foods and beverages with the number of calories the body uses for activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain. A healthy eating pattern can include organic meats and seafood’s, fresh fruit and vegetables, seeds, nuts, oils and drinking water. A recommended activity level would be 30-60 minutes of heart raising exercise most days.


Having a healthy diet pattern and regular physical activity is also important for long term health benefits. This can also help in the prevention of chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.


Community Environment

Obesity risk factors include community environment. People and families may make decisions based on their environment or community. For example, a person may choose not to walk or bike to the shops or to work because of a lack of sidewalks or safe bike trails. Community, home, childcare, school, health care, and workplace settings can all influence people’s daily behaviours. Therefore,  it is important to create environments in these locations that make it easier to engage in physical activity and eat a healthy diet.


Community gyms, outdoor fitness clubs, sporting events are a great way to entice people into a fun way of movement while decreasing the effects of anxiety or fear associated with something new.




Genetic changes in human populations occur too slowly to be responsible for the obesity epidemic. Nevertheless, the variation in how people respond to the environment that promotes physical inactivity and intake of high-calorie foods suggests that genes do play a role in the development of obesity.


Genes give the body instructions for responding to changes in its environment. Studies have identified variants in several genes that may contribute to obesity by increasing hunger and food intake. Find out more in our Obesity Part 2 blog, however, if you have struggled with your weight and lifestyle factors why not let us here at the chief life help. We offer 1 on 1 nutritional counselling sessions to help you become the healthiest version of yourself you can be. Click the link to find out more.




Nicole McDermott

I am passionate about working with people on a holistic level to balance hormones, improve mood, manage weight all whilst educating people on the benefits of a balanced whole foods diet. Follow more great advice from Nic here.